How to Reduce Foot Pain From Achilles Tendonitis With Insoles

From Ibstudy

The strongest tendon in the body, the Achilles tendon, serves to connect the muscles of the heel with those in the lower leg. This tendon is subject to tremendous pressure and in cases of running or jumping it sometimes needs to manage up to twelve times the body weight. This tendon works very hard and is prone to injury that can lead to inflammation and tenderness, which in turn can develop into Achilles tendonitis and foot pain.

Where Does This Condition Come From?

Many people that partake in vigorous sports activities fail to stretch their muscles prior to taxing physical activities, and therefore place the tendon under an unacceptable amount of pressure. It is especially activities that require a great degree of jumping, sudden changes of directions and spurts of running that place athletes at danger. When physical injuries to the ankle, foot, calf or lower leg lead to inflammation, Achilles tendonitis often develops very quickly. Older people can also develop Achilles tendonitis, but in these cases, it can normally be ascribed to arthritis of new bone growth at the base of the heel.

What are the Symptoms?

One of the surest indicators of Achilles tendonitis is severe foot pain or pain behind the heel. Most patients report increased pain levels after periods of no physical activity, when getting up from bed, and when they have been sitting down for long periods. The affected area may be swollen and sensitive to touch, and especially sharp pain may be experienced when pushing or jumping. Most sufferers find it painful to raise themselves on their toes.

What are the Options for Treatment?

There are several treatment options for Achilles tendonitis, ranging from shoe insoles to drastic surgical interventions. The most effective cure can often be achieved by ensuring that all the muscles in the foot, ankle and heel are rested for a prolonged period of time. A special shoe insole is often used to raise the affected heel slightly, thereby lessening the pressure on the heel itself. By simply packing ice around the afflicted area, the severity of the pain can be achieved for short periods of time due to the improved blood flow caused by the ice. In order to combat the inflammation of the tendon, many specialists prescribe medication and ointments or shoe insoles that help against the pain.

Physical therapy forms an important part of any treatment program, and patients have to build the strength and suppleness of their muscles with a specially designed exercise regime. Surgery is generally not considered unless all other options have failed to produce results. In cases where surgery is performed, the bad part of the Achilles tendon is usually removed and the remaining part of the tendon stretched.

Can One Do Something to Prevent it?

One of the most important things that can be done to avoid foot pain caused by this condition is to follow a strict regime of stretching before embarking upon any form of exercise and wearing insoles . Strong muscles and tendons that are kept flexible with insoles and regular aerobic exercises are less likely to be injured.

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